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 ZAM-ZAM Water, Is it  not fit for Human consumption?
We  came  here again to perform the Omrah, and I am reminded of the wonders  of  Zam-zam.  Let  me  go  back to how it all started. In 1971, an Egyptian  doctor  wrote to the European Press, a letter saying that Zam-zam water was  not  fit  for drinking purposes. I immediately thought that this was just a  form  of  prejudice  against  the  Muslims and that since his statement was  based  on  the  assumption that since the Ka'aba was a shallow place (below  sea  level) and located in the center of the city of Makkah, the
wastewater of the city collecting through the drains fell into well holding the water.
Fortunately,  the  news came to King Faisal's ears who got extremely angry  and  decided  to  disprove  the Egyptian doctor's provocative statement. He  immediately  ordered  the  Ministry  of  Agriculture and Water Resources to  investigate  and send samples of Zam-zam water to European laboratories for testing  the  potability  of  the  water.  The ministry then instructed the Jeddah Power and Desalination Plant to carry out this task.
It  was  here  that  I  was  employed  as  a  desalting  engineer (chemical  engineer) to  produce  drinking water from sea water). I was chosen to carry out  this assignment. At this stage, I remember that I had no idea what the well  holding  the  water looked like. I went to Makkah and reported to the authorities at the Ka'aba explaining my purpose of visit.
They deputed a man to give me whatever help was required. When we reached  the  well,  it was hard for me to believe that a pool of water, more like a small  pond,  about  18  by 14 feet, was the well that supplied millions of gallons  of  water every year to hajis ever since it came into existence at the time of Hazrat Ibrahim A.S., many, many centuries ago.
I  started  my  investigations and took the dimensions of the well. I
asked  the  man  to  show  me  the  depth  of the well. First he took a shower and descended  into  the  water.  Then he straightened his body. I saw that the water level came up to just above his shoulders. His height was around five feet,  eight inches. He then started moving from one corner to the other in the  well  (standing all the while since he was not allowed to dip his head into  the  water) in search of any inlet or pipeline inside the well to see from  where  the water came in. However, the man reported that he could not find any inlet or pipeline inside the well.
I  thought  of  another idea. The water could be withdrawn rapidly with
the help of a big transfer pump which was installed at the well for the
Zam-zam water storage tanks. In this way, the water level would drop enabling us to locate the point of entry of the water.
Surprisingly,  nothing  was  observed during the pumping period, but I
knew that  this  was the only method by which you could find the entrance of the water  to  the  well.  So  I decided to repeat the process. But this time, I instructed  the  man  to stand still at one place and carefully observe any unusual  thing happening inside the well. After a while, he suddenly raised his  hands  and  shouted,  "Alhamdollillah!  I  have  found it. The sand is dancing  beneath  my  feet  as the water oozes out of the bed of the well."
Then  he  moved  around  the well during the pumping period and noticed the same phenomenon everywhere in the well. Actually the flow of water into the well  through  the  bed was equal at every point, thus keeping the level of the  water  steady.  After I finished my observations I took the samples of the  water  for  European laboratories to test. Before I left the Ka'aba, I asked the authorities about the other wells around Makkah.
I  was  told  that these wells were mostly dry. When I reached my office
in Jeddah  I  reported my findings to my boss who listened with great
interest but  made  a  very  irrational  comment  that  the  Zam-zam  well  could be internally  connected  to  the  Red Sea. How was it possible when Makkah is about 75 kilometres away from the sea and the wells located before the city usually  remains  dry? 
 The  results  of  the  water  samples tested by
the European  laboratories  and  the one We analyzed in our own laboratory
were found to be almost identical.

The  difference  between  Zam-zam water and other water (city water) was in the  quantity  of  calcium  and  magnesium  salts. The content of these was slightly higher in zam-zam water. This may be why this water refreshes tired hajis,  but  more  significantly, the water contains fluorides that have an effective   germicidal  action.  Moreover,  the  remarks  of  the European laboratories showed that the water was fit for drinking. Hence the statement made by the Egyptian doctor was proved false.

When  this was reported to King Faisal he was extremely pleased and
ordered the  contradiction  of the report in the European Press. In a way, it was a blessing that this study was undertaken to show the chemical composition of the  water. In fact, the more you explore, the more wonders surface and you find yourself believing implicitly in the miracles of this water that Allah bestowed  as  a gift on the faithful coming from far and wide to the desert land for pilgrimage.

Let me sum up some of the features of Zam-Zam water.

This  well  has never dried up. On the contrary it has always fulfilled
the demand  for  water.  It has always maintained the same salt composition and taste  ever  since  it  came into existence. Its potability has always been universally  recognised  as  pilgrims  from all over the world visit Ka'aba every year for Hajj and umrah, but have never complained about it. Instead, they  have  always  enjoyed  the  water  that  refreshes them. Water tastes different at different places.

Zam-zam water's appeal has always been universal. This water has never been chemically treated or chlorinated as is the case with water pumped into the cities. Biological growth and vegetation usually takes place in most wells.

This makes the water unpalatable owing to the growth of algae causing
taste and odour problems.

But  in  the  case  of  the  Zam-zam  water  well, there wasn't any sign
of biological  growth. Centuries ago, Bibi Hajra A.S. searched desperately for water  in the hills of Sufwa and Murwa to give to her newly born son Hazrat Ismail  A.S.  As  she ran from one place to another in search of water, her child  rubbed  his  feet against the sand. A pool of water surfaced, and by the  grace  of  Allah,  shaped  itself  into a well which came to be called Zam-zam water.